Mallorca, Spain


In the Fall of 1999 I traveled to Spain to join Sifu Adam Hsu. His kung fu brother Su Yu Chang, who has two kung fu schools in Spain, had invited him to lead a series of workshops. The following is the account of our kung fu and cultural exchange.

Day 1

Shifu and I arrived from our respective homelands and met at the Barcelona airport Thursday morning. We were welcomed by Dr. Su Yu Chang and his students, Carlos Garcia Garcia, Marite, Gonzalo, and Jose. Gonzalo drove us to the Pachi Tang Lang Cultural Association in the Gracia District, known for its narrow streets, hip bars and cafes. We dropped off our luggage and began touring right away. From the school we walked to the Caixa Catalunya Cultural Centre where we first encountered the work of Antoni Gaudi. The Mila House in La Pedrera is considered his most important civil architectural piece. It is an impressive building, designed colorfully and curvaceously, without a straight line to be found. We wandered up and around to the quirky and precarious rooftop to enjoy the view and take some photos. Although I wanted to stay and explore the extensive museum of Gaudi¹s work, we had to leave and continue our tour by car.

From Gaudi’s modernista style of the 1880’s we moved back in time to a 15th century Catalan Gothic Cathedral. The streets in the surrounding area were incredibly congested because of a public holiday, Festes de la Merce. Fortunately we found a temporary parking space close by, behind the church. We rushed in and had only a few moments to absord the holy gothic prayerful atmosphere, and lit some candles for world peace. Outside in front of the church, an orchestra was playing for a festive dancing public. As we headed back to the van we could hear celebratory fireworks blasting off. Outside the school, an anxious Carlos was waiting with our luggage. We held up traffic as we quickly packed our bags into the van to ride back to the airport. We were heading for Mallorca, the Balearic’s largest Island.

Dr Su’s students, Pacho, Monica, Pedro, Rita and others, warmly greeted us and we all drove to the Palma de Mallorca School. At 11:30pm we had our welcome feast and learned to prepare ‘pa amb tomaquet’, sliced bread rubbed with tomato, olive oil and salt, topped with cured ham. Shifu presented Pacho, our host, with an engraved miniature sword from the China Wushu Association to commemorate his first visit to the Mallorca, Pachi Tanglang Chuen Association. After many toasts of Spanish wine with our meal, we finished our first day in Spain nearly 2:00 in the morning.

Day 2

Dr Su’s school workout patio is surrounded by beautiful local flora compliments of his student Monica. Before breakfast, Shifu and I went over the linking longfist form (lian huan chuan), that I teach to my students at San Francisco State University.

Linking fist (Lian Huan Chuan) is designed to teach time (yu) and space (tsou). The concept comes from the Chinese philosophy ‘yu’, meaning directions such as east, west, north, south, and ‘chou’, meaning time from ancient to future. The seemingly simplistic movements of linking longfist contain key elements towards developing a good base and foundation for one’s long fist training. It can be compared to a beginner learning to write his or her ABC’s using a simple neat printing style. Linking fist contains our kung fu ABC’s: movements using transitions from the horse to bow and arrow stances, alternating punches, palm strikes. The essential ingredient for good kung fu basics is learning the principle of moving our arms and legs at the same time with proper alignment and structure. Lian Huan Chuan opens the door for a beginner to understand these fundamental building blocks of kung fu.

Our second day driving tour took us across the island into the ‘Coves dels Hams’, caves of stalactites. Lunch afterwards was the colorful mix of arros a la Catalana, saffron rice mixed with meat and seafood. Returning to Palma, we stopped by the Gothic Castle of Bellver noted for it¹s unusual circular design and spectacular view of the harbor. That evening we celebrated the harvest moon festival with a bar-b-que buffet and moon cakes that we had brought from Taipei and San Francisco for the the happy occasion.

Day 3

Shifu’s Thunder style taiji Hu lei Jia weekend workshop was held at a sports facility in Polideportibo, Magalluf. Shifu had the morning session from 10am to 1pm and Dr.Su taught in the afternoon from 3:30 to 8:00. Many of the 30-40 participants who had previously studied other forms of taiji were enthusiastic and eager to be introduced to the thunder style taiji. They had a lot of work ahead of them; Shifu’s plan that weekend was to teach them thirty six linking movements!

The first morning proved to be very invigorating and stimulating. There are 10 levels in the thunder taiji training. We started off spiraling with reeling silk arm basics and a waving step. Shifu then proceeded to methodically teach the first twelve movements of the form. He explained and demonstrated and elaborate a number of the usages such as casually rolling up the clothes (lan zai i) and single whip (dan bien). The students even had a chance to try the usage to Chen taiji’s trade mark move, jing gong dao chui themselves. Shifu intermittently addressed important kung fu paradoxicals as internal/external, hidden/showing, stillness/movement, point/line, revolution/rotation and relax/focus. As always, Shifu encouraged us to write in our notebooks to help us process and digest the material.

Day 4

The second morning of class started with a stationary reverse reeling silk basic. The basics progressed from a waving free step forward and backward to a mixed step with the arms and legs moving together. After stressing the importance of practicing basics, Shifu began the task of teaching the remaining twenty-four movements wholeheartedly. Shifu also explained the internal practice of of taiji; where and how to focus the breath while holding postures. After hours of hard work and concentration everybody completed the external aspect of the form. The Mallorcans had their first big dose of taiji. Shifu concluded with the Chinese concept of living within the world. We are not living facing the world in front of us and watching from the outside. We are in the middle, surrounded by and participating with all living things around us, aspiring towards world peace.

Day 5

In the mornings, I practiced longfist. At the linking fist leg (lian huan tuei) intermediate level, balance, strength, agility, coordination and timing in a kung fu way are required. The skill level increases. Blocking and punching is practiced with quick steps and a kick in an upbeat one-two, three tempo. Just as a writing student progresses to a handwriting style, our linking movements become circular with more twists and curves. These fluid continuous movements help us to develop and understand the important principles of shaving and sticking an opponent. After kung fu practice and breakfast our next excursion was to Real Caruj De Jesus de Nazaret located in a pleasant mountain town, Valldemossa. The pianist Frederic Chopin stayed at the monastery for some years during the mid 1800’s. Monica, Dr. Su’s student, was our tour guide through the many cloisters which showcased Chopin and other artists works. I enjoyed a 17th century pharmacy a few doors away from where Chopins piano was housed. To our surprise Monica invited us to have coffee in her residence on the premises. Her great grandmother had purchased a monks suite when the monastery became open to the public. We learned how well the had monks lived with five spacious indoor rooms, a garden terrace, and a backyard with a swimming pool! Eating fresh grapes from the garden vines, we imagined how our lives would be if we resided there. Certainly our kung fu would suffer!

We ended our last day in Mallorca shopping near Palma’s dramatic Gothic limestone cathedral on the waterfront. Our next destination was Madrid. At the airport, every other person was carrying boxes of Mallorca ensaimadas. We often ate the spiral shaped sweet yeast buns for breakfast, and they are the taste treat to bring to friends and families. As I rode in the taxi from the airport to our hotel in Madrid, I was struck by the contrast between this big city and the small Balearic island we had just left.

Owl and Snake Soup


Owl And Snake Soup!

I was shocked to return home from an outing on a visit to my relatives in China to find four dead owls lying on the kitchen floor.Once I regained composure, I realized the honor of the specialty dish that was about to be bestowed on me. My ‘endangered species’ consciousness objected to the owls’ deaths, but I also thought that having an owl skull supported the Chinese belief that one takes on the traits of an animal eaten. Markets throughout China are filled with beautiful animals sold as food. My relatives thought well of my wanting the skeleton but my friends have reactions that range from fascination to polite aversion. How does my relatives’ kind gesture relate to kung fu?

Kung fu developed through generations of effort and war strategies.Techniques were refined as people fought and died for their communities and countries. Yet, as the logo of my teacher Adam Hsu’s school states, “The goal of kung fu is to stop the fight.” Among the scope of modernfighting technologies, is the ancient martial art of kung fu effective for defense of the self, community, country?

Kung fu is a complete workout to balance the body, mind and spirit (BMS)and to resolve one’s inner aggressions. Stress or tension from a misunderstanding, reading a newspaper or watching TV can upset the BMS equilibrium. People study kung fu for its athleticism, beauty, traditional culture, self defense and just for the allure of learning to fight.

The owl and snake are natural enemies who prey on each other and other animals. When they encounter each other and fight, we understand the protective instinct. If you observe animals as I enjoy doing, you will see their aggressive interplay. But if we are more evolved than animals, why do we fight? Why do we demonstrate aggression?

The media focuses on negative news and the entertainment industry glamorizes aggression and violence. These types of images contribute to confusion, fear and misconceptions. But the real fight is internal. It is our human challenge to maintain in balance the freedom and grace that our lives are capable of.

Ideally, we are content at home, work or school. But if not, if you find yourself driving or walking aggressively, waking up groggy or ornery, saying regrettable things, drinking and eating excessive amounts of alcohol or sweets, counter these signs of BMS imbalance. Drop your newspaper, turn off your television, stop fighting with yourself and others and try a kungfu workout.

A Mirror For Me to See My Life


The first couple of years I focused on the Islamic Style Long fist. At that time it was the basic style that Sifu Hsu recommended because its open, expansive movements and strong stances provided a strong foundation for leaning other styles. I spent the first year on tan tui, ten lines of basic kicks and punches in combination. The sequence of movements was easy to learn because I had many years of experience in learning forms. But that experience became a detriment, and my instruction in the first three years of class was ‘to wash away my old habits.’ I had to clean up my movements from my previous style, or I would never capture the pure flavor of the Islamic Style Long Fist. Undertaking the physical and psychological change of style was slow and difficult. I had to drop everything I learned but maintain my self-discipline. It was hard to let go of the style that I had spent so much time and effort learning, and I didn’t always see or understand how my movements were wrong with the new style.

Sifu Hsu’s teaching style was completely different from what I was used to…..He made the analogy that kung fu training was like the difference between a fast food restaurant and a fine French restaurant. I didn’t always understand comparative stories, but the point he always made was that there are no short cuts in kung fu. We had to practice harder and then harder again.

I remember feeling happy to learn pao chuan, the second level of Long fist, having something to bite into. I learned the form quickly and it gave me a sense of accomplishment. Soon I learned that with this attitude, I wouldn’t last long in class. My form at this point as like a roughly chiseled statue in need of details and features. I didn¹t realize I was at the beginning of a long road to refinement. The hard workouts, trying to coordinate my body, arms, and legs to do several things at once, seemed never ending. The depth of the form demands that the movements be done with athletic strength and agility while keeping the subtle details of the traditional usage intact. This element in form training is often missing and replace with movements that are flowery, empty and weak. With a heavy heart, Sifu Hsu would explain, ‘If the direction of kung fu continues with this misunderstanding, traditional martial arts will vanish and may be lost forever.’ As the importance of this concept became clear, the focus of my kung fu practice began to change. I’ve learned to look beyond my self interest and support universal growth of Chinese culture, traditional Chinese kung fu in particular. In other words, I’ve lost my innocent thinking that I could practice kung fu just for the love of it. Sifu Hsu’s continued passion to preserve traditional kung fu compels me to become responsible and take part to do the same.

After learning cha chuan, the third level of Long fist, it was evident that I didn’t have the leg strength to execute the advance Long fist techniques properly. Sifu recommended that I expand my training with Chen Tai Chi because its flavor was compatible with Long fist. My legs experienced boring sensations I never what to repeat. The long form of Chen Tai Chi has seventy-two movements. The first level of training is to hold each posture for three or more deep breaths, and the form takes 45 minutes to an hour to complete. The training process to build the endurance to practice the form this way was long, slow, and excruciating, another intense lesson that there are no short cuts in kung fu.

The slow, careful movements of Tai Chi Chuan ideally act in your body like a coil, able to contract or expand at different speeds in a spiraling motion like a spring. This method of issuing power is called ‘reeling silk.’ Having your mind and intent (yi) fully in the moment of Tai Chi movements develops deep concentration and focus, practical skills necessary in daily life.

We practice a series of eight static postures called the ba shi. As long as I’ve been in class, the ba shi has been the moment of truth. I could always feel the condition of my legs while holding these meditative postures. The eight stances are done on the left and right legs, coming back to and transferring from the 50-50 horse stance with the knees bent at a 90-degree angle. Deep, slow breaths are counted and focused in the dan tian area below the navel to cultivate and sink one’s chi.

I used to dread the moment when we had to do the eight stances. My attitude was terrible immature and negative. I felt miserable and sorry for myself being forced into doing such a monotonous, boring and painful exercise. Internally my biggest weaknesses of being moody and inconsistent would surface. But as much as I resisted doing the stances in my mind, I always felt better and stronger after I did them. After probably three or four years, I became stronger, was able to feel calm and relaxed, and looked forward to doing the stances as meditation. Now I feel It’s an absolute necessity to do them because it’s the most effective leg training to build muscle and ligament strength and develop the proper body alignment needed for more complex movements in advanced form. Not only has the ba shi helped me physically, but I’ve become less moody and more consistent in life.

Bagua influenced me in a different way than Long fist or Tai Chi. The unusual extreme body twist that’s required felt uncomfortable and awkward at first. I didn¹t really like it because the movements felt so weird. My feet, ankles, and knee felt tangled and my thighs felt getting into each other’s way. . .When I thought I was twisted to the max, Sifu would say, ‘Turn more!’ That was only the beginning standing and square walking stage. When I started walking the circle, my eyes ached because everything kept moving. When I stopped, I’d be dizzy and have a headache. . . Now when I practice bagua, I feel the twisting action massage my organs and lubricate my joints.

Sifu Hsu often talks about having the right kung fu attitude and incorporating it into your lifestyle everyday. He also has a uniquely discrimination eye for details in kung fu movements. His depth of understanding and ability to meticulously interpret movements requires one to relentlessly strive for detail in form and take brutally honest corrections with humility and an egoless mind. . . . . ‘Face the truth,’ is a favorite quote from Sifu Adam Hsu. That’s a hard virture to follow but one that is most rewarding. My practice has become my reflection, a mirror for me to see my life. Sifu is always pushing his students to stretch to find the truth and face a clear and honest picture of themselves.

Exerpt from the anthology Women in the Martial Arts,
Edited by Carol A. Wiley
North Atlantic Books 1992

Eastern Sun Western Moon

When the student is ready the teacher will appear. This saying could be how I’ve lived for decades. Each appearance of excellent teachers has guided my fortunate path.

After decades of being a student, the transition from being the dutiful apprentice to the truth of my own role as a teacher is challenging and enlightening Life can be de- fined by whom you’re surrounded by. When the teacher is ready the student will appear.

Shifu Adam Hsu is my principle kung fu teacher and the one who encouraged me to teach on my own. He is a traditional martial artist and a professor of classical Chinese literature. Classes were three to four hours long and held in Golden Gate Park and at his home. Training was thorough, challenging, and influenced the basis of how I currently teach. A wonderful teacher and mentor, he continues to advise and support me through my journey.

As a female instructor one of my challenges in teaching is the transition from one who listens to one who is heard. Shifu displays a certain gruffness while teaching, barking out corrections like a military general. When I first started, I tried teaching the way I was taught. I thought how I learned was the only correct way. Shifu was an incredible teacher. The confused response from students not only surprised me, but also further exposed my need to unlock my own style of teaching.

When I first began teaching I thought that as a woman I would attract mainly female students. In fact, m y class in the park is made up of male students. Women can especially excel in our kung fu style because a considerable amount of physical strength is developed from the legs and hips. Given their ability to give birth, their hips are about the strongest part of their bodies; therefore they are likely to have the fortitude to thrive with this training.

Instructing kung fu basics at San Francisco State University has been another avenue for me to explore teaching. The classes are evenly coed and many of the students are totally new to kung fu. Initially the college students are energetic and enthused. A few out of hundreds have stayed with me long term. Interestingly enough, most of them lasted as long as the semester did. Although I saw many students with potential to develop further, I learned that all too often a teacher’s role is to plant seeds and move on.

Most of my opportunities to teach and train with other women have come thanks to organizations such as the Pacific Association of Women Martial Artist, the National Women’s Martial Art Federation, and Feminist International SpecialTraining. They support the need for the self-empowerment of women of all ages and backgrounds and enable them to experience martial arts without intimidation. Many of the pioneer women who have attended these camps broke the barriers of what was once male-dominated genre. Women-owned schools are flourishing and are inspirations and models for me to follow.

Historically it is understood that tradition, through the hard work and experience of those centuries before us, refined the art that we practice today. Lives of skillful predecessors and other ancestors were sacrificed for the traditional kung fu we presently practice. They cultivated kung fu for survival and the consequence of death was a highly motivating factor. Since I am from a Chinese- American background, accepting this traditional aspect is inherent in me.

As a student I was motivated to maintain a four-to six- hour daily training regimen in order to constantly refine the highly sophisticated movements that had been taught to me by a very gifted teacher. As a contemporary teacher I also use a variety of motivating factors and opportunities for students to participate in without fear or judgment. They are encouraged to creatively learn from their peers with different interactions including one-on-one and small and large groups. Teaching is a precious gift. It enables me to express and share attitudes, perceptions and feelings with students and learn the truth of ourselves from one to another.

Eastern Sun Western Moon was published in Canadian Woman Studies Magazine 2002

Prior to 2010

12-29-09 – Honoring Fukuda Sensei Demo at Mills College Oakland November 08 2009.

08-10-09 – ST 09 Piqua Demo at Oberlin College July 10, 2009.

01-06-09 – Freedom 4 Demo at the Oakland Asian Cultural Center December 18th 2008.

9-18-07 – Another Youtube to check out. Saber Demo We’ll have this basic saber form start in our Wednesday evening Spring 08 class.

4-28-07 – Brit Robin Sunley on his last day visiting from the UK!

3-06-07 – New on Youtube Check it out!

1-25-07- Notable quotable – “The Universe offers you everythings but gives you nothing”. The benevolent world wants us to be creative and choose our own life paths.

1-10-06 Visitors are always welcome to try a complementary class in the park. Start your year with a new kungfu personal training regiment. Our classes are designed to activate and stimulate your unique abilities.

2-28-05 – Year of the Rooster visit from Shifu Adam Hsu.

1-24-05 – New Taiji Class Forming – I will be teaching the Chen Taiji Short Form. SeeAbout Taiji .

9-3-04- Piqua Chang, Chen Taiji and Sword workshops at 2004 Pacific Association 0f Women Martial Artist PAWMA 2004 Training Camp for Women and Girls, Olympia Washington

5-12-04 – Lost Track Longfist and Staff Seminar at Shifu Stanley Johnson’s Southern Sky Kung fu School. Newly opened in February.

4-11-04 – Taipei Journey to see Shifu Adam Hsu.

2-06-04 – New! Photos of OKC Dallas and AWMAI Florida….January excursions.

2-03-04 – “Do what you know and the next step will be given” Soul growth is not dependant upon what an individual knows; instead it is predicated upon what an individual does about what he or she knows. – Edgar Cayce – We celebrated our Chinese New Year by practicing Bagua Animal Health exercises from the spring new moon to the full. Wood Monkey brings a new cycle of beginnings. Enjoy creating your wonderous future. It all starts at the tip of your nose.

1-20-04 – A strong heart and a passion for life without judgement will carry you into extraordinary realms of delight and happiness. In the event that it is drizzling or rains, we meet at SFSU Hensil Hall at 930am.

9-23-03 “Everyone in your universe is of your own creation” -R.C.

7-24-03 Notable quotable – If it’s inevitable, just lay back and enjoy it – Roger Cotting The last two weeks has just about been like that. Ten days in Hawaii attending an incredible seminar http://www.foreverlivingonline.net.and following up teaching and immediately applying what I experienced at NWMAF Special Training in Ohio http://www.nwmaf.org/. Back, refreshed and ready to go.

5-21-03 Shifu Adam was recently in town, his first visit in 2 years. Some of you were able to make it to the Saturday class and experience his teaching. He also had several classes in the South Bay, all of which I attended. His visit was invigorating and inspiring for me.

4- 27-03 It’s been the wettest April we’ve had in 20 years! In the event that it is drizzling or rains, we meet at the Hensil Hall undercover at SFSU.

1-04-03 Trivial question of the day – How tall was Bruce Lee? He was 5’ 7” and 137 lbs.

Notable Quotable -Wherever you go, there you are – Roger Cotting
11-09-02 We lucked out this weekend after the 66 mph winds storm took everyone by surprise. Saturday morning was another beautiful clear fall day in the park. It often is dry on Saturday mornings during the rainy season. Unless it is obviously raining, we will meet in the park.